The Old Testament is also known as the Hebrew Bible. Written between 12th and 2nd Centuries BC, the bible includes the histories, and prophecies of ancient times. Originally, the bible was written in classic Hebrew. So, the names in the bible are originally in classic Hebrew which is also known as biblical Hebrew.
The biblical Hebrew is a Semitic language which is popularly spoken from 1200 BC to 60 AD. The biblical Hebrew ceases at the end of the first temple. The first temple is more commonly known as the Solomon Temple. The temple is mainly for worships and sacrifices. This practice is popularly known as Kobarnot in Ancient Judaism.
The kingdom of Judaism was destroyed. The Jews cease the use of Hebrew language and adapts the use of Aramaic language. The Aramaic originates from Southwest Asia 1000 BC. In 20th Century, the Hebrew language comes alive as the language becomes the official language of the state of Israel. The book of Ezra, and Daniel were written in Aramaic in some parts. During the time of Jesus, the Aramaic is the spoken language. Until the time of Islam, the Aramaic remained the spoken language in the Middle East Asia.
The El which means God is dominant in the Hebrew names like Michael (God like), Daniel (God is my Judge), Joel (willed Jehovah is God), Noel (birth of God), Raphael (healer of God), and Gabriel (God is my strength). The prefix of Jeho, and Jo are common as well like Jonathan (Gift from God), and Joseph (God is add). The suffix of Jah and Iah are common as well like Elijah (Jehovah is God), and Isaiah (helper of God).
The rise of the Greek influence on Eastern Mediterranean paves the way to the translation of the Jewish Tanakh which is the Jewish Bible. And, the Jews started to adapt the Greek names
. Nevertheless, the Septuagint which is the Greek version of the Jewish bible contains many Greek names.
The New Testament (which is written mostly by Saint Paul) talks about the teachings of Jesus and his disciples. The New Testament also includes some epistles letters. Originally, the New Testament is written in Ancient Greek. The names in the New Testament are a mix of Hebrew, Greek, and Roman names
, but many of the names are Hebrew and Aramaic origin.
In Hebrew, Israel means a person seeing God as if God perseveres. In Greek, Israel is divided into three parts. Is means powerful. Ra means king. El means son of God.
The Jewish, Christian, and some Muslim use the Hebrew names. Nevertheless, Hebrew names
are not purely Hebrew in origin. Many Hebrew names originate from Egyptian, Aramaic, Persian, Greek, Latin, Arabic, Spanish, and English.
The introduction of Latin into the Hebrew names is thru the Greeks. For example, Jesus and Maria are from Latin origin. Additionally, some Hebrew names are already Latin like Mark which is Marcus in Latin.
With the rise of Islam, the Arabic become the spoken language in the Middle East Asia. The Arabic went as far as North Africa. The Quran which is the Islam Bible contains many Hebrew and Aramaic origin. With some Jewish and Christian fell into the Arab Islam Rule, the Jewish and Christian adapts some Arabic names.
As James I of England orders the translation of Jewish Tanakh from Hebrew to English, it resulted in many more forms of Hebrew names. The Hebrew names resemble closer to Hebrew than Latin. For example, the Asshur (Assyria) and Shem (Sem) are name of place in Hebrew. During that time, some names already exists in English form such as John, Mary, and James. Those names do not need translation.
Add to Bookmark or Favorites
The ancient Egyptian names provide a clue on culture and society on the ancient period of Egypt. The names are evident on the hieroglyphics. The hieroglyphics are drawings or carvings on the wall to convey a message, story, and history. With the knowledge of the names, we can trace the period when the names exist.
The king may have many names which add to the confusion. Additionally, the king may change his name. The king changes his name when he takes or adapts a throne. Also, Egypt is mainly divided into two parts which is Upper, and Lower Egypt. The Upper Egypt may call the name of the king differently from the Lower Egypt.
By the 2510 BC, the king names consist of five parts in hieroglyphics. The five parts are Horus, Hebty, Golden Horus, Prenomen, and Nomen name. However, the all the parts do not necessarily be in the name. The Horus name is the Horus title in column format. It is in the boxed figured which represents the palace. The Nebty name says that the king is protected by two goddesses (Nekhbet the vulture goddess of Upper Egypt and Wadjyt the cobra goddess of Lower Egypt). The Golden Horus name says about the personality or divine nature of the king. The Prenomen is the throne name. The throne name tells where he rules. For example, the king may rule the Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. Lastly, the Nomen name is the birth name such as Ramses, Amenhotep, or so. Egyptologists adds Roman numerals to distinguish the king names with the same name such as Ramses I, Ramses II, and Ramses III. This usually happens when the king wants to name the son the same as his name.
The simple names consist of nouns and adjectives. For example, Neferet, and Cairo are baby names meaning
beautiful woman, and Egypt capital city respectively.
To denote female baby names
, the ET or IT identifier is added on the middle or end of the name. For example, Neferet is a female baby name which means beautiful woman. Nefer means beautiful. Adding the ET at the end, we get Neferet. Hence, the name means beautiful woman. Another example, the Pasheri is a male baby name. The female version is Pasherit. Most of the time, the Egyptian name can be applied for female or male.
Many Egyptian baby names
include the name of the God. Egyptians combine the qualities and the name of the God. A few of the God names are Ah, Amen, Aten, Re (Ra), and Thot (Thut). For example, Rahotep, Thutmose, Ahmose, and Ramesses include the God in the name. Hotep means peace. Thus, the Rahotep means peace of God. Mos or Mes means child. Thus, the Thutmose, Ahmose, and Ramesses mean child of God.
The nickname represents the short version or description of the name. For example, Maat means stability, Ankh means life, Nefer means beautiful, Mut means mother, Tut means image, and Heb means feast.
In the ancient times, the Egyptians think that the names are vital to live. As the babies are born, the babies have not established their existence. The baby is still living in the dark. So, they must name the baby as soon as possible. The use of hieroglyphics and names are common in ancient times of Egypt. Egyptians assumes that the mention of the name in the hieroglyphics is enough. And, Egyptians do not need a lot of explanation. Perhaps, it is hard to express and carve the emotions and feelings of one self to the walls.
Add to Bookmark or Favorites
The Greek baby names reflect the values and culture of the society on the time of origin. The names relate to their language, religion, and political life. The Greek civilization is one of the oldest civilizations. So, they have long history and rich culture. Their history spans as far as 13th century BC. Their names appeared in ancient tombstone, vases, papyri, inscriptions, coins, gems, manuscripts, seals, and stamps.
In the past, their main purpose to name is to identify. The name validates your language, religion, ethnic origin, civic subdivision, and political life. Their name may include the given name, parents name, ethnic origin, and civic subdivision.
During the 13th century BC, their names are only one given name. This is absolutely true for female or male baby names
. The given name is enough to identify themselves. Perhaps, the population is so less at the time. For example, Socrates, Alexander, Thais, and Homer are example of given names. Traditionally, the first born are given the name of the paternal grandfather. And for the second born, they are given the name of the paternal grandmother.
Then, the use of parents name comes into play. The parents name tells the family where you belong. The parents name improves the ability to legitimately identify a person. For example, Socrates son of Homer, or Alexander son of Adelphos legitimately identifies the person and family.
As they started to move from one place to another, the Greeks saw the need to tell the origin. A city may be divided into organization. In the name, the Greeks will include the organization. For example, Alexander son of Adelphos, Athens or Socrates son of Homer, of the deme Athens tells the family and organization of origin of an individual.
The name could be simple or compound. The simple names are made of a noun or adjective. For example, Cressida, Ophira, and Titian are baby names meaning gold. Another example, Zoilo, Zosima, Zosimo, and Zotico are baby names meaning lively
The compound baby names are combination of nouns or adjectives. For example, Niko-Lysandra means victorious liberator. Another example, Nicodermus means victory of the people. It is a combination of Nicole and demes. Nicole means victory, while demes mean organization or people.
The religion, politics, and military have major influence in their names. For example, Angela, Angelo, Ares, Basha, Christopher, and Deo are names with religious influence. Another example, Kalonice, Nicholas, Nicole are military influenced baby names meaning victory.
After the death of Christ, the Romans started to rise in power. Roman Empire brought Christianity. Hence, the Christian names started to evolve on the Greek names. For example, John, Anna, and Maria started to show on their names. After the 4th century AD, the Christian names have greatly influenced the Greek names such as Eusebios, Eustathios, Euphemios, Eulogios, Eulampios and Kyrillos. About this time, the use of parent name and ethnic origin were largely dropped.
After the downfall of the Roman Empire, the biblical names further embolden on their names. There was a widespread use of surnames. The surnames tell the family of origin. However, the names retain the antiquity. The ancient baby names
still exist in the society today. For example, Aristoteles, Sokrates, Xenophon, Demosthenes, and Miltiades are ancient baby names.
Add to Bookmark or Favorites
The ancient baby names come from old civilization like Roman, Greek, India, Hebrew, Egypt, and China. These civilizations were a prominent empire thousands of years ago. Each civilization takes turn to dominate huge land and region.
Many ancient baby names
originate from the famous place or city. The place or city represents the status on society. If you came from a great city, they show tremendous respect.
The Roman Empire is one of the biggest Empires in the past. The roman was a powerful and successful civilization. Their city is well equipped and developed. Historically, the Roman baby names are based on strength, courage, and intelligence. For a civilization to create an empire, the civilization needs strength, courage, and intelligence. Naturally, the Romans choose a baby name that relates to strength, courage, and intelligence.
The Ancient Roman Name is subdivided into three parts. The first part is the given name. The second part is the hereditary name. Finally, the last part is the specific family of origin.
The Ancient Roman Mythology also provided for source of name. The characters on the mythology play such strength, courage and intelligence. So, the Romans just fell in love with the names of the character on the mythology. For example, Marcus is a great Roman character on Roman Mythology.
The name of the daughter usually is the female version of the name of the father. For example, Optimus is the name of the father. The name of daughter can be Optima, or Optimia.
China is another great ancient civilization. It has developed calculations for lucky numbers. The lucky numbers help find a lucky baby names
. Feng Shui also became major role to name a baby name. With Feng Shui, anyone can calculate the Kua number which tells the baby name to be auspicious or inauspicious. Also, the civilization use eight characters or Ba Zi to find a useful element to find the perfect baby name.
The Ancient India also developed various calculation astrology, and astrological principles to find a baby name. The Feng Shui is believed to originate from India too. To be able to name a baby, it requires vast knowledge of Sanskrit Alphabet, Hindu Religion, rituals, and ancient texts from Ancient India.
The Arabs, Hebrews and Egyptians also are big part on the history. Those civilizations are in the bible itself. So, many baby names have biblical origin.
Not to mention, the Greek civilization are famous for their Greek Mythology and empire. There are many Gods and characters in Greek Mythology. For example, Venus is a goddess of beauty. Astrologers actually named one of the planets as Venus.
Add to Bookmark or Favorites